Laying Natural Stone Plaster – The Most Popular Laying Patterns and Stone Types
Paving stones in the garden, on the terrace or around the house provide for more order in the outdoor area. Natural stones belong to the oldest form of path fastening, which points to their good qualities and durability. In addition, you have a wide variety of stone types and colors to choose from, which allows the individual garden design. How can you lay natural stone plasters, which are the best laying patterns and further helpful information and tips can be found in the following.
Table of Contents
- 1 Laying natural stone plaster – the advantages of the material
- 2 Laying natural stone plaster – the substructure
- 3 Paving stones must be properly laid and grouted
- 4 Laying of natural stone plaster – the small pavement
- 5 Natural stone pavers are laid in a series
- 6 Natural stone pavement laying pattern – the circle
- 7 Machined natural stones for perfect shape
- 8 Place pavers in the row of runners
- 9 Garden ways with paved natural stone
- 10 Lay the natural stone plaster – the segmental arch
- 11 Laying natural stone plaster – combine different laying patterns
- 12 Insert the car entrance with natural stone plaster
- 13 Porphyry plaster around the house
- 14 Outdoor fire place with natural stone plaster
- 15 Laying natural stone plaster – black basalt stones
- 16 Natural stone pavement in different colors
- 17 Garden design with granite paving stones
- 18 Lay the granite stones around the house
- 19 Mosaic patches for garden paths and city squares
Laying natural stone plaster – the advantages of the material
For plastering, a variety of natural stones can be used which have different colors and can be found as large or small plaster. Natursteinpflaster is easy to clean, is considered a slip resistant coating and is resistant to stains and impurities. Thanks to its robustness and abrasion resistance, the appearance is kept for years, irrespective of the external influences. Unlike natural stone slabs, the rainwater seeps through the joints of the natural stone plaster and is not intended to provide additional drainage. Natursteine are more expensive than concrete blocks, but their lasting color and longer life guarantee a worthwhile investment.
Laying natural stone plaster – the substructure
Garden paths, terraces, patio areas and entrances can be laid with natural stone plaster. Depending on the load, a suitable substructure is required before installation. If you want to pave the entrance to the garage, a stable base layer of about 25 centimeters is necessary in order to be able to withstand the motor vehicles. On the other hand, garden paths for pedestrians need no more than 15 cm of substructure. A bedding made of high-grade split or braked sand is applied over the finished support layer and distributed uniformly horizontally using an alu- late.
Paving stones must be properly laid and grouted
After the substructure is finished, it starts with the laying. For more stable flooring, it would be advisable to form an edge at the edges, which will hold the natural stone pavement. The paving stones are then placed individually, according to their height and the pattern fitted and stuck with a rubber hammer. If the desired site is laid with natural stone plaster, the joints should be filled with special plaster or grout mortar. Depending on the laying pattern, there is a different method for laying the individual natural stones.
Laying of natural stone plaster – the small pavement
Garden paths, however, not only have the function of guiding the door to the door and to allow clean feet. They have an optical effect and are therefore an inseparable element of the garden design. Before laying a garden path with plasters, you should always consider what would best fit the house. Some processing details also play an important role and should also be considered. The various rocks are characterized by a variety of colors. Such natural stones are found in different sizes, with the diced ones being mostly used. These usually have a height and width of 9 centimeters, and you need about 110 stones per square meter, depending on the pattern. Interesting forms and patterns can be best achieved with the so-called “Kleinpflaster”. They offer numerous design possibilities to give the terrace or the garden path a very individual touch. Black basalt and / or gray granite are mostly used. The material is ideal for the execution of palisades, pavements, steps, imaginative ornamental balls and troughs. Due to its hardness the natural stone is very popular. It is durable, resistant and available in many colors – from gray tones to red, blue and green nuances. The material is ideal for the execution of palisades, pavements, steps, imaginative ornamental balls and troughs. Due to its hardness the natural stone is very popular. It is durable, resistant and available in many colors – from gray tones to red, blue and green nuances. The material is perfect for the execution of palisades, pavements, steps, imaginative ornamental balls and troughs. Due to its hardness the natural stone is very popular. It is durable, resistant and available in many colors – from gray tones to red, blue and green nuances.
Natural stone pavers are laid in a series
The series of the natural stone plaster is considered to be the simplest laying pattern – the stones are laid in offset rows. For a perfect row plaster you can also use processed natural stones, which have the same shape and are suitable for different mosaic patterns. The plasters can be laid with or without a joint. Because of the straight edges, this is omitted, but always allows 1 to 2 cm clearance for corrections. By the way, the pavements are always laid by the already covered surface. Otherwise the freshly removed sandbed will be destroyed. It is best to take a circuit board and place it on the stones. Thus the freshly laid stones are not destroyed by the careless movements. The stones get their final strength only after grouting with fine sand.
Natural stone pavement laying pattern – the circle
A round natural stone pavement in the garden or on the terrace is very popular, as the classic shape soothing and creates an optical illusion for a larger area. A paving circle provides variety and is also a nice way to emphasize a certain area in the garden. To get a good circle shape, special paving stones are needed. They are already cast in a conical shape, or ground and are arranged from the inside outwards of the circle. This automatically creates a circle when you put them together. However, most manufacturers offer such prefabricated patches. If you want to lay a circle of natural stone plasters yourself, the selection of the appropriate plasters is essential. For this purpose a larger quantity of stones is recommended, so you can choose the right one for you. When laying, the joints should not be unequal and disproportionate. It is best to first mark a circle and installs a paving circle in the center. If you want to go further in design, you can try a natural stone spiral.
Machined natural stones for perfect shape
Since pavers in nature do not come in a perfect trapezoidal shape, you should use natural stones worked on this laying pattern. This creates the perfect round shape. Do not leave too large joints between the paving stones to protect them from weeds. If the pavement circle does not occupy more than half of the area to be paved, you can simply purchase an unsorted stone mix according to the square meter requirement. As a rule, there are enough appropriately shaped stones to be able to pave a circle itself.
Place pavers in the row of runners
The row of runners is similar to the row arrangement, whereby in particular small paving stones are suitable. They can be alternated with larger ones and thus create interesting laying patterns for terraces and patio areas. This type of design requires a stable edge mount. This secures the pavement edges against slipping. However, this depends primarily on the local conditions, the load and the size of the pavement. For small and not very stressed surfaces, a concrete support, at least 10 cm thick, and then the row of runners. In case of heavy loads, concrete caulk tiles are recommended.
Garden ways with paved natural stone
You can combine large and small pavement to create a creative runner row. However, first consult with experts what sizes and laying patterns best suit your area to be laid. You can lay small garden paths or patios on your own with natural stone pavement, but if it is a whole garden, it is best to hire some craftsmen for the work. In addition, the load and the stress on the surface play an important role in the choice of paving type, size and laying pattern. Basically suitable for the safe laying of constantly trafficable areas, such as driveways, use paving stones of 8 sizes. For terraces, garden paths and home entrance 6s stones are very good.
Lay the natural stone plaster – the segmental arch
Paving stones can be installed in many different stone structures. The walling and the scaled arch are considered classic. The latter was often moved to city squares and streets in the 19th and 20th centuries because of its beautiful design function. The arches run parallel and look like a real jewelery. With this laying pattern, natural stones of different colors can be laid as natural stone plaster. Thus, beautiful patterns are created that are suitable for large, small, classic and even modern gardens.
Laying natural stone plaster – combine different laying patterns
In the garden without decoration, an area attracted with natural stone paving is used as such. Laying patterns can be combined with larger surfaces and look playful, but also very stylish. A large patio can be laid with natural stone plaster, using a row of runners for the main area and the dining area with a circular laying pattern. With such a design the different areas on the floor are noted. It must also not always be worked stone. Also large boulders or boulders can be decorated in the pavement design.
Insert the car entrance with natural stone plaster
Garage entrances can be laid with natural stone paving, which represents a good and lasting decision for this area. If they are laid correctly, the paving stones ensure a stable surface which can not be destroyed by the car. These are, as noted, beautiful in different sizes. Mosaic pavers have an edge length between three and eight centimeters. Conventional natural stone plasters range between eight and eleven cm. As a large plaster they are between 13 and 17 centimeters. Paving As of this size, we are already called stone slabs.
Porphyry plaster around the house
Natural stone pavements are in perfect harmony with similar building materials used in the garden or in façade design. As an example, we present the combination of natural stones for the facade cladding of the house and porphyry pavement as a covering for the driveway.
Outdoor fire place with natural stone plaster
Natural stones in the garden provide a pleasant atmosphere in the garden. Design your own backyard with an outdoor fire place, beautiful water games with stream and a natural stone pavement with the same shape as the fireplace. Use natural stones in different shapes and create your own natural oasis in the garden.
Laying natural stone plaster – black basalt stones
If you want to create a dark garden path in the outdoor area, you should choose a suitable stone type. Basalt stones for paving are in this case a suitable decision since they occur in nature in black and do not need coloration.
Natural stone pavement in different colors
A further design idea is to design the round natural stone plaster in two matching colors, for example with basalt and porphyry natural stones. Use the darker color for the edge and the brighter for the inner part to avoid a dramatic effect.
Garden design with granite paving stones
If you prefer the white color for your garden design, we recommend the laying of granite pavers. They are the type of stone most commonly found in white.
Lay the granite stones around the house
Gray granite cobble plaster can be adapted to every exterior. It has a beautiful look, which together with the longevity creates the perfect natural stone plaster for terraces and driveways.
Mosaic patches for garden paths and city squares
Many metropolitan areas have mosaic pavements in interesting forms. This marine wave band of black and white natural stones and other pictures of paving stones embellish some public areas in Lisbon – the capital of Portugal.